Principles and Practice of Chromatography - Introduction > Page 4
Figure 1 The Function of the Column
As all chromatographic separations are carried out using a mobile and a stationary phase, the primary classification of chromatography is based on the physical nature of the mobile phase. The mobile phase can be a gas or a liquid which gives rise to the two basic forms of chromatography, namely, gas chromatography (GC) and liquid chromatography (LC). The stationary phase can also take two forms, solid and liquid, which provides two subgroups of GC and LC, namely; gas–solid chromatography (GSC) and gas–liquid chromatography (GLC), together with liquid solid chromatography (LSC) and liquid chromatography (LLC). The different forms of chromatography are summarized in Table 1. Most thin layer chromatography techniques are considered liquid-solid systems although the solute normally interacts with a liquid-like surface coating on the adsorbent or support or, in some cases an actual liquid coating.
Table 1 The Classification of Chromatography